1Institutul de Matematică “Simion Stoilow” – Academia Română
Romania is a country with a strong tradition of excellence in mathematics, going back to the end of the 19th Century. Mathematicians such as Spiru Haret, Gheorghe Titeica and Dimitrie Pompeiu led to the rapid th development of the Romanian school of mathematics. This process was continued in the first half of the 20 Century by other outstanding mathematicians: Traian Lalescu, Simion Stoilow, Dan Barbilian, Alexandru Myller, Grigore Moisil, Miron Nicolescu, Gheorghe Vranceanu, Octav Onicescu, etc. The history of the second half of the 20th Century is completely different. With the rise of communism, the tradition of excellence in the research disapeared in almost all disciplines except for the mathematical sciences. Unfortunately for Romania, many of the greatest minds left the country. After December 1989, the process went on: the best young mathematicians left Romania to pursue carriers and schooling elsewhere. As a result, about one thousand Romanian mathematicians work abroad. Despite pessimistic prospects, the fundamental research in mathematics, physics and chemistry has nowadays a scientific productivity comparable to the European indicators. The current number of researchers in mathematics in Romania is about one thousand. We present in the paper some statistical data on the mathematical research in Romania. Then we disscuss the evaluation process of the mathematical research and we underline the mixture of peer review evaluation and scientometric measures.
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